Skill Development in India Unlocked by New Education Policy 2020

Skill Development in India Unlocked by New Education Policy 2020

New Education Policy 2020, which has been approved by The Cabinet on 29th July, has sparked a new debate among the educationalists, educators, and students of the nation. The current Indian education system has been deemed as antiquated and out of date by several advisories, research, and reports primarily due to our assessment scoring framework which unknowingly accentuates memorization models of learning and repetition with very little to no incentive for our students to gain exposure to real-life scenarios. Couple it with the soaring costs of higher education, lack of employability skills of students and constantly increasing cut-offs for student admissions, the model of education in India was failing. To compensate for this problem, the EdTech sector has started to expand its radius in the recent few years. Whereas these are positive signs, it’s necessary to be conscious of the long term impact on the less privileged.

The good news is that the New Education Policy has thought of changes that are necessary for the betterment of the education system in India.
Let us dive in to discuss the features of the New Education Policy and its benefits.

Major Changes:

Multi-disciplinary colleges:

By 2030, all educational establishments will become a multidisciplinary institution and each of them will have a minimum enrolment of 3000 students.

M.Phil. discontinued:

As per NEP 2020, M.Phil. will be discontinued.

Vocational courses:

Every student will be taught a vocational skill of his/ her choice by the time they complete their schooling. Students will also be taught coding from Class VI.

No wall between Science and Arts curriculum:

There will not be a large distinction between the curriculum of these 2 streams. There will be a provision of teaching subjects like Music.

Internship culture:

Internships are going to be included from class VI.

From sixth grade, students will be interning with local trades and crafts as a part of holistic development.

Importance to Practical Assignments, Skill Development:

The best thing about the New Education Policy is that it gives priority to practical learning and skills development.

One Common Entrance Exam for all Colleges: According to the NEP 2020, there will be a single common entrance exam for admission to all higher education institutes which will be held by NTA. The entrance exam will be optional and not mandatory.

New System of Education:

The 10+2 framework will be partitioned into 5+3+3+4 years educational framework. The New Education Policy has changed the school training framework to 5+3+3+4 structure. This implies that during the initial five years of the school will contain the foundation stage including three years of pre-primary school and classes 1 and class 2, The following three years will be separated into a preliminary stage (classes 3 to 5), three years of middle stage (classes 6 to 8), and four years of secondary stage (classes 9 to 12). Schools won’t have any inflexible arrangement of streams of arts, commerce, science, students can take up whichever courses they want.

India: A New Foreign Study Destination:

Every institution will have an International Students Office to host foreign students. Colleges will be promoted to provide premium education at affordable costs.

Foreign Colleges in India:

Top 100 Foreign Colleges will be allowed to set up their campuses in India as per NEP. They will be given special dispensation and regulations to set up the campuses.

Expenditure on Education:

The expenditure on education will be changed to 6 percent of the total GDP, as opposed to earlier, which was 4 percent of the GDP. Both States, as well as Central Government, will be working together on the expenditure.

Benefits of New Education Policy 2020:

Some of the important benefits of the New Education Policy 2020 are as follows:

  • The New Education Policy will be focussed around practical knowledge rather than rote learning. Students will be taught in such a way that they can solve real-life problems using their knowledge.
  • It will help students to develop a scientific approach from a young age.
  • The NEP aims to make it easier to set up new quality higher educational institutes which will be at par with the global standards.
  • Since NEP will make it easier for foreign colleges to set up their campuses here many students who are unable to go abroad due to multiple reasons will be able to experience global quality education and gain global educational exposure.
  • This will promote value-based education.

The New Education Policy will help in gearing our education system to embrace the future and in skilling Indian students to gain opportunities in India and also leverage global opportunities.

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